Adaptation of the suprahyoid muscle complex to mandibular advancement surgery

David S. Carlson, Edward Ellis, Paul C. Dechow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The suprahyoid musculature has been implicated as one of the major factors responsible for relapse after mandibular advancement surgery. Previous studies have also indicated that the muscle and connective tissues comprising the suprahyoid complex must adapt to increased length brought about by mandibular advancement for skeletal stability to be achieved. The purpose of this study was to provide quantitative data concerning the immediate changes and long-term adaptations that take place within the suprahyoid complex over a 2-year period after mandibular advancement. Mandibular advancement was performed on ten adult Macaca mulatta monkeys with and without suprahyoid myotomy (n = 5/group). Six animals were used as controls. Mandibular length and changes in the length of the various anatomic regions of the suprahyoid complex were evaluated radiographically with the aid of radiopaque bone, muscle, and tendon markers implanted preoperatively. The results for the nonmyotomy group showed that (1) the suprahyoid complex was elongated approximately two thirds the amount of mandibular lengthening, (2) the major immediate adaptations within the suprahyoid complex after the surgical procedure occurred at the muscle-bone interface and the muscle-tendon interface, (3) the change in length at the muscle-tendon junction was maintained throughout the 2-year follow-up period, indicating that significant long-term adaptations took place primarily at that location, and (4) no significant short-term changes or long-term adaptations were seen within the anterior digastric muscle or the intermediate digastric tendon. Within the myotomy group, it was found that (1) the suprahyoid complex recoiled immediately after myotomy such that the anterior belly of the digastric muscle became separated from the advanced distal mandibular segment by more than twice the amount of mandibular lengthening, (2) the anterior digastric muscle remained essentially at this posterior position throughout the 2-year follow-up period, and (3) though not significant, there was a trend for a decrease in the length of the anterior digastric muscle belly. On the basis of these results, it was concluded that both short-term changes and long-term adaptations to lengthening of the suprahyoid complex as a result of mandibular lengthening occur primarily within the connective tissues comprising the muscle-tendon and muscle-bone interfaces, not within the muscle fibers themselves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-143
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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