Acute pseudo-obstruction of the colon in thermally injured patients

Thomas J. Lescher, David K. Teegarden, Basil A. Pruitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Five (1 per cent) of 529 thermally injured patients experienced pseudo-obstruction of the colon over a two-year period. All patients had classic non-painful abdominal distention. Infection was the most common associated problem and possible triggering mechanism in these patients. After confirmation of the colonic dilation on a plain abdominal roentgenogram, distal obstruction was ruled out by contrast enema. Occasionally, Gastrografin enema seemed to ameliorate the distention. Conservative medical management should be attempted initially. Colonoscopy should be employed at the earliest possible time. Exploratory laparotomy and tube cecostomy are usually adequate when surgical decompression is necessary. Patients who have accompanying small-intestinal distention seemed to tolerate this condition better, possibly due to a decompressing effect of an incompetent ileocecal valve. "Hinge-type" kinks, which occur in time at both hepatic and splenic flexures, become obstructing in themselves, and can be a barrier to conservative treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)618-622
Number of pages5
JournalDiseases of the Colon & Rectum
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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