Acute oxalate nephropathy associated with C lostridium difficile infection

Deepali Pandey, Ashish Verma, Yanli Ding, Priyamvada Singh, Hemant Magoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acute oxalate nephropathy has been associated with chronic diarrheal illness and only one case has been reported due to acute diarrhea secondary to Clostridium difficile colitis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case report of acute oxalate nephropathy due to C. difficile colitis. A 75-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease stage IV, recent C. difficile colitis was admitted for acute kidney injury with a creatinine (Cr) of 8.54 mg/dL (baseline Cr, 2.3-2.6 mg/dL). His urinalysis did not show any eosinophils, casts or crystals. Antinuclear antibody, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, complement levels (C3 and C4) and hepatitis screen were negative; a renal ultrasound visualized no hydronephrosis. A kidney biopsy showed widespread tubular oxalate crystal deposition suggestive of hyperoxaluria as the cause of acute kidney injury. In conclusion, an acute diarrheal illness like C. difficile colitis can cause acute oxalate nephropathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere231099
JournalBMJ case reports
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute renal failure
  • dialysis
  • infection (gastroenterology)
  • renal system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Acute oxalate nephropathy associated with C lostridium difficile infection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this