Activation of TRPC1 by STIM1 in ER-PM microdomains involves release of the channel from its scaffold caveolin-1

Biswaranjan Pani, Hwei Ling Ong, S. C W Brazer, Xibao Liu, Kristina Rauser, Brij B Singh, Indu S. Ambudkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is activated by redistribution of STIM1 into puncta in discrete ER-plasma membrane junctional regions where it interacts with and activates store-operated channels (SOCs). The factors involved in precise targeting of the channels and their retention at these specific microdomains are not yet defined. Here we report that caveolin-1 (Cav1) is a critical plasma membrane scaffold that retains TRPC1 within the regions where STIM1 puncta are localized following store depletion. This enables the interaction of TRPC1 with STIM1 that is required for the activation of TRPC1-SOCE. Silencing Cav1 in human submandibular gland (HSG) cells decreased plasma membrane retention of TRPC1, TRPC1-STIM1 clustering, and consequently reduced TRPC1-SOCE, without altering STIM1 puncta. Importantly, activation of TRPC1-SOCE was associated with an increase in TRPC1-STIM1 and a decrease in TRPC1-Cav1 clustering. Consistent with this, overexpression of Cav1 decreased TRPC1-STIM1 clustering and SOCE, both of which were recovered when STIM1 was expressed at higher levels relative to Cav1. Silencing STIM1 or expression of ΔERM-STIM1 or STIM1(684EE685) mutant prevented dissociation of TRPC1-Cav1 and activation of TRPC1-SOCE. However expression of TRPC1-(639KK640) with STIM1(684EE 685) restored function and the dissociation of TRPC1 from Cav1 in response to store depletion. Further, conditions that promoted TRPC1-STIM1 clustering and TRPC1-SOCE elicited corresponding changes in SOCE-dependent NFkB activation and cell proliferation. Together these data demonstrate that Cav1 is a critical plasma membrane scaffold for inactive TRPC1. We suggest that activation of TRPC1-SOC by STIM1 mediates release of the channel from Cav1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20087-20092
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume106
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 24 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Caveolin 1
Cluster Analysis
Cell Membrane
Submandibular Gland
Cell Proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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Activation of TRPC1 by STIM1 in ER-PM microdomains involves release of the channel from its scaffold caveolin-1. / Pani, Biswaranjan; Ong, Hwei Ling; Brazer, S. C W; Liu, Xibao; Rauser, Kristina; Singh, Brij B; Ambudkar, Indu S.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 106, No. 47, 24.11.2009, p. 20087-20092.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pani, Biswaranjan ; Ong, Hwei Ling ; Brazer, S. C W ; Liu, Xibao ; Rauser, Kristina ; Singh, Brij B ; Ambudkar, Indu S. / Activation of TRPC1 by STIM1 in ER-PM microdomains involves release of the channel from its scaffold caveolin-1. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2009 ; Vol. 106, No. 47. pp. 20087-20092.
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abstract = "Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is activated by redistribution of STIM1 into puncta in discrete ER-plasma membrane junctional regions where it interacts with and activates store-operated channels (SOCs). The factors involved in precise targeting of the channels and their retention at these specific microdomains are not yet defined. Here we report that caveolin-1 (Cav1) is a critical plasma membrane scaffold that retains TRPC1 within the regions where STIM1 puncta are localized following store depletion. This enables the interaction of TRPC1 with STIM1 that is required for the activation of TRPC1-SOCE. Silencing Cav1 in human submandibular gland (HSG) cells decreased plasma membrane retention of TRPC1, TRPC1-STIM1 clustering, and consequently reduced TRPC1-SOCE, without altering STIM1 puncta. Importantly, activation of TRPC1-SOCE was associated with an increase in TRPC1-STIM1 and a decrease in TRPC1-Cav1 clustering. Consistent with this, overexpression of Cav1 decreased TRPC1-STIM1 clustering and SOCE, both of which were recovered when STIM1 was expressed at higher levels relative to Cav1. Silencing STIM1 or expression of ΔERM-STIM1 or STIM1(684EE685) mutant prevented dissociation of TRPC1-Cav1 and activation of TRPC1-SOCE. However expression of TRPC1-(639KK640) with STIM1(684EE 685) restored function and the dissociation of TRPC1 from Cav1 in response to store depletion. Further, conditions that promoted TRPC1-STIM1 clustering and TRPC1-SOCE elicited corresponding changes in SOCE-dependent NFkB activation and cell proliferation. Together these data demonstrate that Cav1 is a critical plasma membrane scaffold for inactive TRPC1. We suggest that activation of TRPC1-SOC by STIM1 mediates release of the channel from Cav1.",
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AU - Pani, Biswaranjan

AU - Ong, Hwei Ling

AU - Brazer, S. C W

AU - Liu, Xibao

AU - Rauser, Kristina

AU - Singh, Brij B

AU - Ambudkar, Indu S.

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