Activation of integrin α5 mediated by flow requires its translocation to membrane lipid rafts in vascular endothelial cells

Xiaoli Sun, Yi Fu, Mingxia Gu, Lu Zhang, Dan Li, Hongliang Li, Shu Chien, John Y.J. Shyy, Yi Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Local flow patterns determine the uneven distribution of atherosclerotic lesions. Membrane lipid rafts and integrins are crucial for shear stress-regulated endothelial function. In this study, we investigate the role of lipid rafts and integrin α5 in regulating the inflammatory response in endothelial cells (ECs) under atheroprone versus atheroprotective flow. Lipid raft proteins were isolated from ECs exposed to oscillatory shear stress (OS) or pulsatile shear stress, and then analyzed by quantitative proteomics. Among 396 proteins redistributed in lipid rafts, integrin α5 was the most significantly elevated in lipid rafts under OS. In addition, OS increased the level of activated integrin α5 in lipid rafts through the regulation of membrane cholesterol and fluidity. Disruption of F-actin-based cytoskeleton and knockdown of caveolin-1 prevented the OS-induced integrin α5 translocation and activation. In vivo, integrin α5 activation and EC dysfunction were observed in the atheroprone areas of low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (Ldlr-/-) mice, and knockdown of integrin α5 markedly attenuated EC dysfunction in partially ligated carotid arteries. Consistent with these findings, mice with haploinsufficency of integrin α5 exhibited a reduction of atherosclerotic lesions in the regions under atheroprone flow. The present study has revealed an integrin- and membrane lipid raft-dependent mechanotransduction mechanism by which atheroprone flow causes endothelial dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)769-774
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume113
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 19 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Integrin
  • Lipid rafts
  • Proteomics
  • Shear stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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