Activation of chromosomal DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by acidic transcriptional activation domains

Rong Li, David S. Yu, Masafumi Tanaka, Liyi Zheng, Shelley L. Berger, Bruce Stillman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

A large body of evidence from viral systems has established that transcription factors play an important and direct role in activating viral DNA replication. Among the transcriptional activation domains that can stimulate viral DNA replication are acidic domains such as those derived from herpes simplex virus VP16 and the tumor suppressor p53. Here we show that acidic activation domains can also activate a cellular origin of replication in a chromosomal context. When tethered to the yeast ARS1 (autonomously replicating sequence 1) origin of replication, both VP16 and p53 activation domains can enhance origin function. In addition, the C-terminal acidic region of the yeast transcription factor ABF1, which normally activates the ARS1 origin, is sufficient for activating ARS1 function when tethered to the origin. Mutations at residues Trp-53 and Phe-54 of a 20-residue (41 to 60) activation region of p53 abolish the activation of both replication and transcription, suggesting that the same structural determinants may be employed to activate both processes in yeast. Furthermore, using a two- dimensional gel electrophoresis method, we demonstrate that the GAL4-p53 chimeric activator can activate initiation of chromosomal replication from an origin inserted at the native ARS1 locus. These findings strongly suggest functional conservation of the mechanisms used by the acidic activation domains to activate viral DNA replication in mammalian cells and chromosomal replication in yeast.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1296-1302
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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