Activating mutation of the Ha‐ras gene in chemically induced tumors of the hamster cheek pouch

Irma B. Gimenez‐Conti, Albert B. Bianchi, Sharon L. Stockman, Claudio J. Conti, Thomas J. Slaga

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Abstract

The presence of an activating mutation in the Ha‐ras gene in hamster cheek pouch tumors induced by 7,12‐dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) complete carcinogenesis was investigated. The normal sequence of a fragment of genomic DNA encompassing codon 61 of the Ha‐ras gene was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction using primers designed for a highly conserved region of the mouse Ha‐ras‐1 gene. The sequence of the amplified fragment was determined by a direct sequencing technique and exhibited 83.3% and 87.5% homology with the corresponding human and mouse sequences, respectively. At the amino acid level, the sequence was identical among the three species. Paraffin sections of 11 squamous cell carcinomas of the cheek pouch were used to detect mutated Ha‐ras alleles. DNA sequencing of the tumors showed that six of 11 tumors presented an A→T transversion in the second position of codon 61, resulting in an amino acid change from glycine to leucine. As has been demonstrated in other systems, we have shown a specific mutation of the Ha‐ras gene in chemically induced tumors of the hamster cheek pouch, further supporting the role of this oncogene in chemical carcinogenesis. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-263
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Oncogene
  • cancer
  • direct sequence
  • oral

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Gimenez‐Conti, I. B., Bianchi, A. B., Stockman, S. L., Conti, C. J., & Slaga, T. J. (1992). Activating mutation of the Ha‐ras gene in chemically induced tumors of the hamster cheek pouch. Molecular Carcinogenesis, 5(4), 259-263. https://doi.org/10.1002/mc.2940050405