Actions of platelet‐derived growth factor isoforms in mesangial cells

Hanna E. Abboud, Giuseppe Grandaliano, Massimo Pinzani, Thomas Knauss, Glenn F. Pierce, Fatima Jaffer

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Abstract

Platelet‐derived growth factor (PDGF) occurs as homodimers or heterodimers of related polypeptide chains PDGF‐BB, ‐AA, and ‐AB. There are two receptors that bind PDGF, termed alpha and beta. The beta receptor recognizes PDGF B chain and is dimerized in response to PDGF BB. The alpha receptor recognizes PDGF B as well as A chains and can be dimerized by the three dimeric forms of PDGF AA, AB, and BB. To characterize PDGF receptor signaling mechanisms and biologic activities in human mesangial cells (MC), we explored the effects of the three PDGF isoforms on DNA synthesis, phospholipase C activation, and PDGF protooncogene induction. PDGF‐BB homodimer and AB heterodimer induced a marked increase in DNA synthesis, activation of phsopholipase C, and autoinduction of PDGF A and B chain mRNAs, whereas PDGF‐AA homodimer was without effect. The lack of response to PDGF AA could be accounted for by down regulation of the PDGF‐alpha receptor since preincubation of MC with suramin restored PDGF AA‐induced DNA synthesis. Ligand binding studies demonstrate specific binding of labeled PDGF BB and AB and to a lower extent PDGF AA isoforms to mesangial cells. These results are consistent with predominant expression of PDGF beta receptor in MC, which is linked to phospholipase‐C activation. The potent biologic effects of PDGF‐AB heterodimer in cells that express very few alpha receptors and do not respond to PDGF AA are somewhat inconsistent with the currently accepted model of PDGF receptor interaction and suggest the presence of additional mechanisms for PDGF isoform binding and activation. © 1994 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-150
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume158
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1994

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Abboud, H. E., Grandaliano, G., Pinzani, M., Knauss, T., Pierce, G. F., & Jaffer, F. (1994). Actions of platelet‐derived growth factor isoforms in mesangial cells. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 158(1), 140-150. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.1041580118