ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Imaging After Shoulder Arthroplasty: 2021 Update

Expert Panel on Musculoskeletal Imaging

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Shoulder arthroplasty is a common orthopedic procedure with a complication rate reported to be as high as 39.8% and revision rates as high as 11%. Symptoms related to postoperative difficulties include activity-related pain, decreased range of motion, and apprehension. Some patients report immediate and persistent dissatisfaction, although others report a symptom-free postoperative period followed by increasing pain and decreasing shoulder function and mobility. Imaging plays an important role in diagnosing postoperative complications of shoulder arthroplasties. The imaging algorithm should always begin with radiographs. The selection of the next imaging modality depends on several factors, including findings on the initial imaging study, clinical suspicion of an osseous versus soft-tissue injury, and clinical suspicion of infection.The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S53-S66
JournalJournal of the American College of Radiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022


  • AUC
  • Appropriate Use Criteria
  • Appropriateness Criteria
  • Imaging
  • Infection
  • Prosthesis loosening
  • Rotator cuff
  • Shoulder arthroplasty
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Imaging After Shoulder Arthroplasty: 2021 Update'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this