Postoperative pancreatic fistula at the early stage can lead to auto-digestion, which may delay the recovery of the pancreaticojejunal (PJ) anastomosis. The efficacy and safety of an acetazolamide-eluting biodegradable tubular stent (AZ-BTS) for the prevention of self-digestion and intra-abdominal inflammatory diseases caused by pancreatic juice leakage after PJ anastomosis in a porcine model were investigated. The AZ-BTS was successfully fabricated using a multiple dip-coating process. Then, the drug amount and release profile were analyzed. The therapeutic effects of AZ were examined in vitro using two kinds of pancreatic cancer cell lines, AsPC-1 and PANC-1. The efficacy of AZ-BTS was assessed in a porcine PJ leakage model, with animals were each assigned to a leakage group, a BTS group and an AZ-BTS group. The overall mortality rates in these three groups were 44.4%, 16.6%, and 0%, respectively. Mean α-amylase concentrations were significantly higher in the leakage and BTS groups than in the AZ-BTS group on day 2–5 (p < 0.05 each all). The luminal diameters and areas of the pancreatic duct were significantly larger in the leakage group than in the BTS and AZ-BTS groups (p < 0.05 each all). These findings indicate that AZ-BTS can significantly suppress intra-abdominal inflammatory diseases caused by pancreatic juice leakage and also prevent late stricture formation at the PJ anastomotic site in a porcine model.
- Pancreaticojejunal anastomosis
- Postoperative pancreatic fistula
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science