Accuracy of sentinel node biopsy in predicting nodal status in patients with breast carcinoma

Michael S. Sabel, Paul Zhang, John M. Barnwell, Janet S. Winston, Thelma C. Hurd, Stephen B. Edge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objectives: While sentinel lymph node biopsy is considered by many to have replaced axillary node dissection in the management of breast cancer, concerns remain regarding false-negative results. Methods: To investigate the accuracy of sentinel node biopsy, we reexamined all sentinel and nonsentinel nodes with multilevel sectioning and immunohistochemical staining in 42 consecutive cases of breast cancer in which sentinel node biopsy was performed and followed by axillary dissection. Results: By routine hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, 34% of patients were found to be node positive, with no cases of false-negative sentinel node biopsy. Reevaluation of 775 negative sentinel and nonsentinel nodes with an additional two levels and immunohistochemistry identified three "node-negative" patients who had micrometastases in the sentinel node, increasing detection in 8% of cases. More important, is the fact however, that there were no cases where additional sections and immunohistochemistry identified metastases in nonsentinel nodes that had bypassed the sentinel node. The accuracy of the sentinel node in predicting the nodal status was 100%. Conclusions: Cytokeratin immunohistochemistry will identify more patients with nodal micrometastases; however, it was unable to identify any cases where micrometastases were present in nonsentinel nodes when the sentinel node was negative. The status of the sentinel node accurately identifies the status of the axillary basin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-246
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2001

Keywords

  • Axillary node dissection
  • Breast neoplasms
  • Cytokeratin
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Sentinel lymph node biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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    Sabel, M. S., Zhang, P., Barnwell, J. M., Winston, J. S., Hurd, T. C., & Edge, S. B. (2001). Accuracy of sentinel node biopsy in predicting nodal status in patients with breast carcinoma. Journal of Surgical Oncology, 77(4), 243-246. https://doi.org/10.1002/jso.1103