Absence of PI3Kγ leads to increased leukocyte apoptosis and diminished severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

David Henrique Rodrigues, Márcia de Carvalho Vilela, Lucíola da Silva Barcelos, Vanessa Pinho, Mauro Martins Teixeira, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase γ (PI3Kγ) plays an important role in the motility of leukocytes in several models of inflammation. In this work, the role of PI3Kγ in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) was investigated. EAE was induced in wild-type and PI3Kγ deficient mice (PI3Kγ-/-). WT animals had a peak of clinical symptoms around day 14 post-induction (p.i.). PI3Kγ-/- animals developed milder EAE signs and peak of disease was noticed only on day 21 p.i. Better clinical outcome correlated with the absence of perivascular cuffs on day 14 p.i. and with decreased levels of CCL2 and CCL5 in brain of PI3Kγ-/- mice. There was increased leukocyte rolling and adhesion in pial vessels, as assessed by intravital microscopy, at day 14 after EAE induction in WT mice. The latter parameters were unaltered in PI3KThere was increased le-/- mice subjected to EAE. Moreover, the PI3KThere was increased le inhibitor AS-605240 given just before the intravital microscopy failed to affect leukocyte rolling or adhesion. Finally, there was a significant increase in the number of apoptotic cells in the CNS of EAE-induced PI3KThere was increased le-/- mice. Our results suggest that PI3KThere was increased le is involved in EAE and plays a more important role in mediating leukocyte survival than leukocyte adhesion in this experimental model of multiple sclerosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-94
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Volume222
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemokines
  • Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
  • Intravital microscopy
  • Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase There was increased le

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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