Absence of oligodendroglial glucosylceramide synthesis does not result in CNS myelin abnormalities or alter the dysmyelinating phenotype of CGT-deficient mice

Laleh Saadat, Jeffrey L. Dupree, John Kilkus, Xianlin Han, Maria Traka, Richard L. Proia, Glyn Dawson, Brian Popko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To examine the function of glycosphingolipids (GSLs) in oligodendrocytes, the myelinating cells of the central nervous system (CNS), mice were generated that lack oligodendroglial expression of UDP-glucose ceramide glucosyltransferase (encoded by Ugcg). These mice (Ugcgflox/flox;Cnp/ Cre) did not show any apparent clinical phenotype, their total brain and myelin extracts had normal GSL content, including ganglioside composition, and myelin abnormalities were not detected in their CNS. These data indicate that the elimination of gangliosides from oligodendrocytes is not detrimental to myelination. These mice were also used to asses the potential compensatory effect of hydroxyl fatty acid glucosylceramide (HFA-GlcCer) accumulation in UDP-galactose: ceramide galactosyltransferase (encoded by Cgt, also known as Ugt8a) deficient mice. At postnatal day 18, the phenotypic characteristics of the Ugcgflox/flox;Cnp/Cre;Cgt-/- mutants, including the degree of hypomyelination, were surprisingly similar to that of Cgt-/- mice, suggesting that the accumulation of HFA-GlcCer in Cgt-/- mice does not modify their phenotype. These studies demonstrate that abundant, structurally intact myelin can form in the absence of glycolipids, which normally represent over 20% of the dry weight of myelin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-398
Number of pages8
JournalGLIA
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Glucosylceramides
Nervous System Malformations
Myelin Sheath
Central Nervous System
Phenotype
Glycosphingolipids
Gangliosides
Oligodendroglia
ceramide glucosyltransferase
Hydroxyl Radical
Ganglioside Galactosyltransferase
Fatty Acids
Neurologic Mutant Mice
Equidae
Glycolipids
Weights and Measures
Brain

Keywords

  • Glycolipids
  • Mouse models
  • Oligodendrocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Absence of oligodendroglial glucosylceramide synthesis does not result in CNS myelin abnormalities or alter the dysmyelinating phenotype of CGT-deficient mice. / Saadat, Laleh; Dupree, Jeffrey L.; Kilkus, John; Han, Xianlin; Traka, Maria; Proia, Richard L.; Dawson, Glyn; Popko, Brian.

In: GLIA, Vol. 58, No. 4, 01.03.2010, p. 391-398.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Saadat, Laleh ; Dupree, Jeffrey L. ; Kilkus, John ; Han, Xianlin ; Traka, Maria ; Proia, Richard L. ; Dawson, Glyn ; Popko, Brian. / Absence of oligodendroglial glucosylceramide synthesis does not result in CNS myelin abnormalities or alter the dysmyelinating phenotype of CGT-deficient mice. In: GLIA. 2010 ; Vol. 58, No. 4. pp. 391-398.
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