Absence of effect of telbivudine on cardiac repolarization: Results of a thorough QT/QTc study in healthy participants

Fred Poordad, Gillian Zeldin, Stuart I. Harris, June Ke, Limin Xu, Douglas Mayers, Xiao Jian Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of telbivudine on cardiac repolarization was evaluated in healthy participants at clinical and supratherapeutic doses. Sixty-two participants were enrolled, stratified by sex, and randomized according to a crossover design among 4 treatment sequences: placebo, a single moxifloxacin 400-mg dose as positive calibrator, and telbivudine 600 and 1800 mg/d for 7 days. Intensive time-matched electrocardiogram measurements and pharmacokinetic sampling were performed at baseline and on day 7 over 24 hours. For telbivudine and moxifloxacin, time-matched, placebo-adjusted change from baseline in QT was calculated and corrected using Fridericias formula (QTcF). While moxifloxacin produced the expected significant changes in QTcF, none of the changes in QTcF for either doses of telbivudine exceeded 5 ms, and none of the associated upper 1-sided 95% confidence intervals (CI) exceeded the limit of 10 ms. There was no increase in QTcF with increasing plasma telbivudine. The supratherapeutic dose of telbivudine was well tolerated with a safety profile similar to the clinical dose despite a 3-fold increase in plasma exposure. This study therefore met the criteria for a negative thorough QT study. Telbivudine had no adverse effect on cardiac repolarization in healthy participants, even at supratherapeutic exposure, suggesting a broad safety margin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1436-1446
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiac repolarization
  • Pharmacodynamics
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • QT/QTc interval
  • Telbivudine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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