Ablation of TRPC3 disrupts Ca2+ signaling in salivary ductal cells and promotes sialolithiasis

Bok Eum Choi, Samuel Shin, Sade Evans, Brij B. Singh, Bidhan C. Bandyopadhyay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clinical studies and structural analyses of salivary stones strongly suggest a linkage between higher saliva calcium (Ca2+) and salivary stone formation, sialolithiasis; however, the process and the mechanism leading to Ca2+ overload during sialolithiasis is not well understood. Here, we show that TRPC3 null (−/−) mice presented with a reduction in Ca2+ entry and current in ductal cells with higher saliva [Ca2+] suggesting diminished transepithelial Ca2+ flux across the salivary ductal cells, leaving more Ca2+ in ductal fluid. Significantly, we found that TRPC3 was expressed in mice and human salivary ductal cells, while intraductal stones were detected in both mice (TRPC3−/−) and patient (sialolithiasis) salivary glands. To identify the mechanism, we found that TRPC3 was crucial in preventing the expression of calcification genes (BMP2/6, Runx2) in ductal cells which may be due to higher extracellular Ca2+ in SMG tissues. Similarly, inflammatory (IL6, NLRP3), fibrotic (FN1, TGFβ1) and apoptotic (Bax1/Bcl2) markers were also elevated, suggesting that the loss of TRPC3 induces genetic changes that leads to salivary gland cell death and induction of inflammatory response. Overall, ablation of TRPC3−/− leads to higher saliva [Ca2+], along with elevated detrimental gene expressions, altogether contributing to salivary gland stone formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5772
JournalScientific reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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