A study of the apolar interaction of the enzyme rhodanese with octyl substituted agarose gel

Paul M. Horowitz, Nick L. Criscimagna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The accessibilities of sites on the surface of the enzyme rhodanese for binding to macromolecular apolarity have been measured for the two forms of the enzyme related to obligatory catalytic intermediates: the free enzyme, E and the sulfur substituted enzyme, ES. This study was done using a micromethod developed for this purpose which allows facile assessment of the apolar binding of proteins to commercially available beads of cross-linked agarose on which hydrophobic groups have been immobilized. The results indicate that the enzyme rhodanese can bind to macromolecular apolarity and that there is considerably more binding of the E form than the ES form. The fact that the binding is relatively slow implicates a protein conformational change in the rate limiting binding step. In fact, there is a large increase in the binding when the temperature is raised from 23° to 40° which correlates with previous results showing a conformational change in rhodanese over the same temperature range. These results in comparison with other solution studies and with x-ray studies are consistent with a model for rhodanese which has an apolar active site and a mechanism for catalysis that includes a conformational change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)595-601
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume111
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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