A study of loss of heterozygosity at 70 loci in anaplastic astrocytoma and glioblastoma multiforme with implications for tumor evolution

Eric C. Wooten, Dan Fults, Ravindrannath Duggirala, Kenneth Williams, Athanassias P. Kyritsis, Melissa L. Bondy, Victor A. Levin, Peter O'Connell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cancers that arise from astrocytes in the adult CNS present as either anaplastic astrocytomas (AAs) or as more aggressive glioblastomas multiforme (GBMs). GBMs either form de novo or progress from AAs. We proposed to examine the molecular genetic relationship between these CNS tumors by conducting a genome-wide allelic imbalance analysis that included 70 loci on examples of AA and GBM. We found significant loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at 13 discrete chromosomal loci in both AAs and GBMs. Loss was significant in both AAs and GBMs at 9 of these loci. AAs show the highest rates of LOH at chromosomes 1p, 4q, 6p, 9p, 11p, 11q, 13q, 14q, 15p, 17p, 17q, and 19q. GBMs showed the greatest losses at 1p, 6q, 8p, 9p, 10p, 10q, 11p, 13q, 17p, 17q, 18p, 18q, and 19q. GBMs also demonstrated significant amplification at the epidermal growth factor receptor locus (7p12). These data suggest that there are three classes of loci involved in glioma evolution. First are loci that are likely involved in early events in the evolution of both AAs and GBMs. The second class consists of AA-specific loci, typified by higher LOH frequency than observed in GBMs (4q, 6p, 17p, 17q, 19q). The third class consists of GBM-specific loci (6q, 8p, 10, 18q). Damage at these loci may either lead to de novo GBMs or permit existing AAs to progress to GBMs. Glioma-related LOH profiles may have prognostic implications that could lead to better diagnosis and treatment of brain cancer patients. Neuro-Oncology 1, 169-176, 1999 (Posted to Neuro-Oncology [serial online], Doc. 98-28, June 16, 1999. URL 〈neuro-oncology.mc.duke.edu〉).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-176
Number of pages8
JournalNeuro-oncology
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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