A specific binding protein from tenebriomolitor for the insecticidal toxin of bacillusthuringiensis subsp. Tenebrionis

Carol J. Belfiore, Ratna K. Vadlamudi, Yehia A. Osman, Lee A. Bulla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Biopesticides based on the bacterium Bacillusthuringiensis have attracted wide attention as safe alternatives to chemical insecticides. In this paper, we report, for the first time, the identification of a single binding protein from a coleopteran insect, Tenebriomolitor, that is specific for the cryIII toxin of B. thuringiensis. The protein appeared as a single band of 144 kDa on radioligand and immunoblots of total proteins extracted from brush border membrane vesicles of the midgut of T. molitor. Radiolabelled cryIIIA toxin bound to the protein with a Kd value of 17.5 nM and could be specifically blocked by unlabelled toxin but not by toxins from other subspecies of B. thuringiensis. This study lays the groundwork to clone the cryIIIA toxin binding protein and to determine the molecular mechanism(s) of toxin action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-364
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume200
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 1994

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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