A small nonhuman primate model for filovirus-induced disease

Ricardo Carrion, Youngtae Ro, Kareema Hoosien, Anysha Ticer, Kathy Brasky, Melissa de la Garza, Keith Mansfield, Jean L. Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus are members of the filovirus family and induce a fatal hemorrhagic disease in humans and nonhuman primates with 90% case fatality. To develop a small nonhuman primate model for filovirus disease, common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) were intramuscularly inoculated with wild type Marburgvirus Musoke or Ebolavirus Zaire. The infection resulted in a systemic fatal disease with clinical and morphological features closely resembling human infection. Animals experienced weight loss, fever, high virus titers in tissue, thrombocytopenia, neutrophilia, high liver transaminases and phosphatases and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Evidence of a severe disseminated viral infection characterized principally by multifocal to coalescing hepatic necrosis was seen in EBOV animals. MARV-infected animals displayed only moderate fibrin deposition in the spleen. Lymphoid necrosis and lymphocytic depletion observed in spleen. These findings provide support for the use of the common marmoset as a small nonhuman primate model for filovirus induced hemorrhagic fever.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalVirology
Volume420
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 25 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Callithrix
Marburgvirus
Ebolavirus
Primates
Fever
Necrosis
Spleen
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
Liver
Virus Diseases
Transaminases
Infection
Fibrin
Viral Load
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Thrombocytopenia
Weight Loss

Keywords

  • Callithrix jacchus
  • Coagulapathy
  • Common marmoset
  • Ebolavirus
  • Hemorrhagic fever
  • Marburgvirus
  • Nonhuman primate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

Cite this

Carrion, R., Ro, Y., Hoosien, K., Ticer, A., Brasky, K., de la Garza, M., ... Patterson, J. L. (2011). A small nonhuman primate model for filovirus-induced disease. Virology, 420(2), 117-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2011.08.022

A small nonhuman primate model for filovirus-induced disease. / Carrion, Ricardo; Ro, Youngtae; Hoosien, Kareema; Ticer, Anysha; Brasky, Kathy; de la Garza, Melissa; Mansfield, Keith; Patterson, Jean L.

In: Virology, Vol. 420, No. 2, 25.11.2011, p. 117-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carrion, R, Ro, Y, Hoosien, K, Ticer, A, Brasky, K, de la Garza, M, Mansfield, K & Patterson, JL 2011, 'A small nonhuman primate model for filovirus-induced disease', Virology, vol. 420, no. 2, pp. 117-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2011.08.022
Carrion R, Ro Y, Hoosien K, Ticer A, Brasky K, de la Garza M et al. A small nonhuman primate model for filovirus-induced disease. Virology. 2011 Nov 25;420(2):117-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2011.08.022
Carrion, Ricardo ; Ro, Youngtae ; Hoosien, Kareema ; Ticer, Anysha ; Brasky, Kathy ; de la Garza, Melissa ; Mansfield, Keith ; Patterson, Jean L. / A small nonhuman primate model for filovirus-induced disease. In: Virology. 2011 ; Vol. 420, No. 2. pp. 117-124.
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