A single nucleotide polymorphism in SLC7A5 is associated with gastrointestinal toxicity after high-dose melphalan and autologous stem cell transplantation for multiple myeloma

Jennifer L. Giglia, Marquitta J. White, Andrew J. Hart, Juan J. Toro, César O. Freytes, Cherish C. Holt, Ying Cai, Scott M. Williams, Stephen J. Brandt

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11 Scopus citations


Multiple myeloma is the most frequent indication for high-dose melphalan (HDM) chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Gastrointestinal symptoms represent the most significant nonhematological toxicity of HDM. However, specific, especially genetic, predictors of their incidence or clinical severity are lacking. The amino acid transporters LAT1 and LAT2 encoded by the SLC7A5 and SLC7A8 genes, respectively, are the principal mediators of melphalan uptake into cells. To determine whether genetic variability at these loci contributed to interindividual differences in the development of gastrointestinal complications of HDM, we analyzed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these genes in 135 patients with multiple myeloma treated with HDM and ASCT and correlated these with the need for total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Seven SNPs in SLC7A5 and 20 in SLC7A8 were genotyped. Multiple analyses indicated that 1 SNP in the first intron of SLC7A5, rs4240803, was significantly associated with TPN use (odds ratio = .45, 95% confidence interval, .25 to .79; P = .007). Further, every haplotype that correlated with TPN requirement included this SNP. These results suggest that variability in melphalan transport affects mucosal injury after HDM. This finding could help in individualizing the dose of this effective and widely used chemotherapeutic agent for multiple myeloma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1014-1020
Number of pages7
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014



  • Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • Drug transporter
  • Gastrointestinal toxicity
  • High-dose melphalan
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Pharmacogenetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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