A safety and security architecture for reducing accidents in intelligent transportation systems

Qian Chen, Azizeh Khaled Sowan, Shouhuai Xu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT) technology is transforming the world into Smart Cities, which have a huge impact on future societal lifestyle, economy and business. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), especially IoT-enabled Electric Vehicles (EVs), are anticipated to be an integral part of future Smart Cities. Assuring ITS safety and security is critical to the success of Smart Cities because human lives are at stake. The state-of-the-art understanding of this matter is very superficial because there are many new problems that have yet to be investigated. For example, the cyber-physical nature of ITS requires considering human-in-the-loop (i.e., drivers and pedestrians) and imposes many new challenges. In this paper, we systematically explore the threat model against ITS safety and security (e.g., malfunctions of connected EVs/transportation infrastructures, driver misbehavior and unexpected medical conditions, and cyber attacks). Then, we present a novel and systematic ITS safety and security architecture, which aims to reduce accidents caused or amplified by a range of threats. The architecture has appealing features: (i) it is centered at proactive cyber-physical-human defense; (ii) it facilitates the detection of early-warning signals of accidents; (iii) it automates effective defense against a range of threats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2018 - Digest of Technical Papers
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781450359504
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2018
Event37th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2018 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Nov 5 2018Nov 8 2018

Publication series

NameIEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, Digest of Technical Papers, ICCAD
ISSN (Print)1092-3152

Conference

Conference37th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2018
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period11/5/1811/8/18

Keywords

  • connected vehicles
  • human factor
  • intelligent transportation system
  • internet of things
  • safety and security architecture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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  • Cite this

    Chen, Q., Sowan, A. K., & Xu, S. (2018). A safety and security architecture for reducing accidents in intelligent transportation systems. In 2018 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2018 - Digest of Technical Papers [a95] (IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, Digest of Technical Papers, ICCAD). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1145/3240765.3243462