Fifty-one patients who underwent mandibular advancements with or without genioplasties were rigidly fixated with three, 2-mm bicortical screws per side. Radiographs were digitized preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, at 6 weeks, at 6 months, and at a subsequent long-term follow-up period. Location of the cephalometric landmarks, referenced to a vertical reference line (in millimeters), was used as the dependent variable. An overall inspection of the data shows that rigidly fixated mandibular advancements were very stable. The average case showed further advancement of pogonion from 6 weeks to the long-term follow-up period. However, relapse was noted in several cases. Factors that could be used as predictors of relapse were examined. Results indicated that magnitude of advancement was the only factor that successfully predicted relapse, accounting for 37.9% of the variance in the sample. Anatomic changes found to accompany such advancement are as follows: (1) when pogonion comes forward, anterior facial height and mandibular plane decrease while the proximal segment rotates forward, and (2) the maxillary central incisors flare and the mandibular incisors upright during this time period. A small degree of relapse as assessed at pogonion occurred during the first 6 weeks, followed by an advancement from 6 weeks to the longest time interval after the surgical procedure. However, these directional movements were not statistically significant.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics|
|State||Published - May 1988|
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