A randomized trial of intrapartum versus immediate postpartum treatment of women with intra-amniotic infection

Ronald S. Gibbs, Mara J. Dinsmoor, Edward R. Newton, Rajam S. Ramamurthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

142 Scopus citations

Abstract

A randomized trial of intrapartum versus postpartum antibiotic treatment of women with intra-amniotic infection was conducted. Intra-amniotic infection was treated with ampi- cillin and gentamicin during labor (at the time of diagnosis) in 26 women and immediately after umbilical cord clamping in 19 women. Intrapartum treatment led to a lower incidence of neonatal sepsis (0 versus 21%; P =.03) and a shorter neonatal hospital stay (3.8 versus 5.7 days; P =.02) when compared with postpartum treatment. There were no significant differences in the microbiologic results, the gestational age, or the birth weight between the groups. Intrapartum- treated mothers had a shorter mean postpartum stay, a lower mean number of febrile days, and a lower mean peak postpartum temperature than did postpartum-treated mothers; these differences were all statistically significant (P =.05). The treatment of clinical intra-amniotic infection during labor results in improved outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)823-828
Number of pages6
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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