A qualitative study of barriers and facilitators to using tenecteplase to treat acute ischemic stroke

Sidarrth Prasad, Erica M Jones, Mehari Gebreyohanns, Veronica Aguilera, DaiWai M Olson, Jane A Anderson, Sean I Savitz, Salvador C Flores, Steven J Warach, Charlotte E Rhodes, Mark P Goldberg, Nneka L Ifejika

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Tenecteplase (TNK) is emerging as an alternative to alteplase (ALT) for thrombolytic treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Compared to ALT, TNK has a longer half-life, shorter administration time, lower cost, and similarly high efficacy in treating large vessel occlusion. Nevertheless, there are barriers to adopting TNK as a treatment for AIS. This study aimed to identify thematic barriers and facilitators to adopting TNK as an alternative to ALT as a thrombolytic for eligible AIS patients.

METHODS: Qualitative research methodology using hermeneutic cycling and purposive sampling was used to interview four stroke clinicians in Texas. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Enrollment was complete when saturation was reached. All members of the research team participated in content analysis during each cycle and in thematic analysis after saturation.

RESULTS: Interviews were conducted between November 2022 and February 2023 with stroke center representatives from centers that either had successfully adopted TNK, or had not yet adopted TNK. Three themes and eight sub-themes were identified. The theme "Evidence" had three sub-themes: Pro-Con Balance, Fundamental Knowledge, and Pharmacotherapeutics. The theme "Process Flow" had four subthemes: Proactive, Reflective self-doubt, Change Process Barriers, and Parameter Barriers. The theme "Consensus" had one sub-theme: Getting Buy-In.

CONCLUSION: Clinicians experience remarkably similar barriers and facilitators to adopting TNK. The results lead to a hypothesis that providing evidence to support a practice change, and identifying key change processes, will help clinicians achieve consensus across teams that need to 'buy in' to adopting TNK for AIS treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107458
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Issue number1
StateE-pub ahead of print - Nov 10 2023


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