A Psychometric Evaluation of the STAI-Y, BDI-II, and PAI Using Single and Multifactorial Models in Young Adults Seeking Psychoeducational Evaluation

Benjamin D. Hill, Mandi Musso, Glenn N. Jones, Russell D. Pella, Wm Drew Gouvier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

A psychometric evaluation on the measurement of self-report anxiety and depression using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), State Trait Anxiety Inventory, Form-Y (STAI-Y), and the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) was performed using a sample of 534 generally young adults seeking psychoeducational evaluation at a university-based clinic. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate single-factor and multifactorial models (including hierarchical and higher-order models). Fit indices indicated superiority of the hierarchical model where the BDI-II and PAI depression subscales loaded onto a depression factor, the PAI anxiety subscales loaded onto an anxiety factor, and the STAI-Y State and Trait scale scores loaded onto a separate factor that indexed variance associated with both depression and anxiety. Findings are discussed in regards to the construct validity of the BDI-II, STAI-Y, and PAI in young adults seeking psychoeducational evaluation and relations among these measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-312
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Psychoeducational Assessment
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

Keywords

  • BDI-II
  • PAI
  • STAI-Y
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • psychometrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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