A Program to Increase the Appropriate Use of Long-Acting Injectable Antipsychotic Medications in Community Settings

Dawn I. Velligan, Martha Sajatovic, Cynthia Sierra, Jim Mintz, Julie M. Merker, Kristin A. Cassidy, Patrick Runnels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The Multilevel Facilitation of Long-Acting Antipsychotic Medication Program (MAP) is a novel intervention to increase the appropriate use of long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics in community mental health clinics. The authors investigated the feasibility of MAP, facilitators and barriers to use, and preliminary impact on LAI medication use. METHODS: Two clinics in Texas and two in Ohio serving 750 and 617 individuals with schizophrenia receiving oral antipsychotics, respectively, were asked to change clinical procedures for 1 year by using either the not receiving optimum benefit (NOB) checklist or the checklist plus MAP. Providers used the NOB checklist to identify individuals who could benefit from switching to LAI antipsychotics. MAP clinics used the NOB checklist plus nonbranded academic detailing for providers and a shared-decision-making video and tool for consumers. Use of MAP components was tracked, and barriers and facilitators were collected quarterly. Antipsychotic prescription counts were provided by participating clinics. RESULTS: Barriers to use of MAP included loss of local champions and administrators, difficulty with provider buy-in, limited availability of peer specialists, and a lack of infrastructural support to integrate MAP into clinic flow. Higher scores on the NOB checklist were associated with more provider LAI medication offers and greater patient acceptance of LAI antipsychotics. LAI medication use increased in clinics over time, but it is unclear whether this increase was due to MAP. CONCLUSIONS: Changing MAP components to fit local procedures and to circumvent unique barriers could aid implementation. Further research should investigate the potential impact of MAP components on LAI medication use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1012-1017
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatric services (Washington, D.C.)
Volume72
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

Keywords

  • Antipsychotic Medication
  • Long-acting Injectable
  • Schizophrenia
  • Treatment Adherence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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