A Primary Intervention Program (Pilot Study) for Mexican American Children at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Shirlyn B. Mckenzie, Janelle O'connell, Linda A. Smith, William E. Ottinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Many chronic diseases that are leading causes of morbidity and mortality can be prevented or controlled by primary or secondary interventions. Type 2 diabetes with its complications constitutes a major health problem, especially among Mexican Americans. The purpose of this pilot study was to develop an age- and culturally appropriate primary intervention program for Mexican American children at risk of type 2 diabetes. The sample included 37 Mexican American children ages 7 to 12 years who had at least one parent or grandparent with type 2 diabetes. A health screen of physiologic risk factors, a nutritional assessment, and a diabetes knowledge test were administered before and after the program. The eight-session activity oriented educational program focused on nutrition, exercise, and diabetes knowledge. Due to small sample size and limited study time, changes in physiologic factors and diet were not analyzed for statistical significance. Analysis of individual factors showed a trend toward more normal values. Results of this pilot program indicated that health intervention projects may be effective in helping children at risk of type 2 diabetes adopt healthier lifestyles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-187
Number of pages8
JournalThe Diabetes educator
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)


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