Background The metabolic syndrome is common in populations exposed to a typical Western diet. There is a lack of an animal model that mimics this condition. Methods We fed 15 cynomolgus monkeys ad libitum a high-sugar high-fat (HSHF) diet for 33weeks. Body weight, body composition, serum lipids, and insulin were measured at baseline and at 33weeks. Results The animals tolerated the HSHF diet very well. In the intervention group, total serum cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were 3- and 5-fold higher, respectively, at 33weeks as compared with their baseline levels. Serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides were not significantly affected. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) analysis of the intervention group indicated that the trunk fat mass increased by 187% during this period. Conclusions Cynomolgus monkeys should be a useful model for investigating the interactions of diet and other factors such as genetics in the development of the metabolic syndrome.
- Dual X-ray absorptiometry
- Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology