A practical guide to optimizing the benefits of post-stroke spasticity interventions with botulinum toxin A: An international group consensus

Gerard E. Francisco, Alexander Balbert, Ganesh Bavikatte, Djamel Bensmail, Stefano Carda, Thierry Deltombe, Nathalie Draulans, Steven Escaldi, Raphaël Gross, Jorge Jacinto, Nicholas Ketchum, Franco Molteni, Susana Moraleda, Michael W. O'Dell, Rajiv Reebye, Patrik Säterö, Monica Verduzco-Gutierrez, Heather Walker, Jörg Wissel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This consensus paper is derived from a meeting of an international group of 19 neurological rehabilitation specialists with a combined experience of more than 250 years (range 4-25 years; mean 14.1 years) in treating poststroke spasticity with botulinum toxin A. The group undertook critical assessments of some recurring practical challenges, not yet addressed in guidelines, through an extensive literature search. They then discussed the results in the light of their individual clinical experience and developed consensus statements to present to the wider community who treat such patients. The analysis provides a comprehensive overview of treatment with botulinum toxin A, including the use of adjunctive therapies, within a multidisciplinary context, and is aimed at practicing clinicians who treat patients with poststroke spasticity and require further practical guidance on the use of botulinum toxin A. This paper does not replicate information published elsewhere, but instead aims to provide practical advice to help optimize the use of botulinum toxin A and maximize clinical outcomes. The recommendations for each topic are summarized in a series of statements. Where published highquality evidence exists, the recommendations reflect this. However, where evidence is not yet conclusive, the group members issued statements and, in some cases, made recommendations based on their clinical experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberjrm00134
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Botulinum toxin
  • Consensus guideline
  • Spasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A practical guide to optimizing the benefits of post-stroke spasticity interventions with botulinum toxin A: An international group consensus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this