A positive effect of p21(cip1/waf1) in the colony formation from murine myeloid progenitor cells as assessed by retroviral-mediated gene transfer

Stephen E. Braun, Charlie Mantel, Marc Rosenthal, Scott Cooper, Lisa Liu, Kent A. Robertson, Robert Hromas, Hal E. Broxmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


p21(cip1/waf1) is a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor. We have previously reported stimulation of p21(cip1/waf1) by steel factor and GM-CSF in a factor dependent cell line and of p21(cip1/waf1) involvement in hematopoiesis in vivo in p21(cip1/waf1) gene knockout (-/-) mice. To further assess a role for increased p21(cip1/waf1) in hematopoietic progenitor cells, we developed the retroviral vector L(p21(cip1))SN to transcriptionally regulate p21(cip1/waf1) from the Mo-MLV LTR. L(p21(cip1))SN and the control vector LXSN were used to transduce murine bone marrow progenitor cells from p21(cip1/waf1) (-/-) and littermate control (+/+) mice, as well as from other mouse strains. Hematopoietic colony formation by transduced cells was assessed in semi-solid culture medium with multiple growth factors. Myeloid colony formation by bone marrow cells from p21(cip1/waf1) (-/-) mice was significantly lower than that by (+/+) mouse cells. Transduction of cells with LXSN had no effect on colony formation; however, (-/-) cells transduced with L(p21(cip1))SN formed significantly greater numbers of colonies than either LXSN-transduced (-/-) or (+/+) cells. Moreover, L(p21(cip1))SN- transduced (+/+) cells formed significantly more colonies than LXSN- transduced (+/+) cells. Increased cloning efficiency of progenitors from normal strains of mice induced by L(p21(cip1))SN compared to LXSN-transduced cells was seen whether unseparated or highly purified populations of Scal+ Lin- marrow cells were used. Gene transfer of L(p21(cip1))SN increased the size and number of cells per colony, as well as the number of colonies compared to LXSN gene transfer. No colonies grew from non-transduced, LXSN- , or L(p21(cip1))SN-transduced cells when no growth factors were added to the cultures. These results document the positive effect of p21(cip1/waf1) in the proliferation and/or differentiation of the murine myeloid progenitor cells that lead to colony formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-148
Number of pages11
JournalBlood Cells, Molecules and Diseases
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Gene transfer
  • Hematopoietic progenitor cells
  • p21(cip1/waf1)
  • p21(cip1/waf1) knockout mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology


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