This report describes a pilot study conducted to determine the location of the transverse processes (TPs) of the thoracic spine relative to the location of their corresponding spinous processes (SPs). There are clinicians who recommend utilizing the "rule of threes" to locate the TPs of the thoracic spine. This rule was proposed by Mitchell in 1979 and adopted in many orthopedic and manual therapy texts, but it has not been validated with research. In this pilot study, five cadavers were dissected and measurements were taken between the TPs of one thoracic vertebra and the SP of the superior vertebra. Based on the results of this pilot study, the rule of threes was determined to not be an accurate predictor of the location of the TPs of the thoracic spine.
- Thoracic Vertebrae
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation