A pictorial review of gall stones and its associated complications

Darshan Gandhi, Vijayanadh Ojili, Pankaj Nepal, Arpit Nagar, Fabricio J. Hernandez-Delima, Divyansh Bajaj, Gagandeep Choudhary, Nishant Gupta, Pranav Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Gallstone disease is the term commonly used to refer to gallstones that cause symptoms. There is a myriad of complications that can arise from gallstones: acute cholecystitis, xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis, emphysematous cholecystitis, gallbladder wall perforations, pericholecystic abscesses, Mirizzi syndrome, cholecystoenteric fistulas, choledocholithiasis, gallstone pancreatitis, porcelain gallbladder, gallbladder malignancies, and many more. The aim of this pictorial review is to revisit how multimodality imaging can help with the diagnosis of gallstone disease. We review the classic imaging findings on different imaging modalities for gallstone disease and its associated complications and how it is useful in early diagnosis for timely management of complications as well as surgical planning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-236
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Imaging
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Cholelithiasis
  • Gallstone
  • Gallstone ileus
  • Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)
  • Porcelain gallbladder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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