A phase I pharmacokinetic and biological correlative study of oblimersen sodium (Genasense, G3139), an antisense oligonucleotide to the Bcl-2 mRNA, and of docetaxel in patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer

Anthony W. Tolcher, John Kuhn, Garry Schwartz, Amita Patnaik, Lisa A. Hammond, Ian Thompson, Howard Fingert, David Bushnell, Shazli Malik, Jeffrey Kreisberg, Elzbieta Izbicka, Leslie Smetzer, Eric K. Rowinsky

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70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the feasibility of administering oblimersen sodium, a phosphorothioate antisense oligonucleotide directed to the Bcl-2 mRNA, with docetaxel to patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer; to characterize the pertinent pharmacokinetic parameters, Bcl-2 protein inhibition in peripheral blood mononuclear cell(s) (PBMC) and tumor; and to seek preliminary evidence of antitumor activity. Experimental Design: Patients were treated with increasing doses of oblimersen sodium administered by continuous i.v. infusion on days 1 to 6 and docetaxel administered i.v. over 1 h on day 6 every 3 weeks. Plasma was sampled to characterize the pharmacokinetic parameters of both oblimersen and docetaxel, and Bcl-2 protein expression was measured from paired collections of PBMCs pretreatment and post-treatment. Results: Twenty patients received 124 courses of the oblimersen and docetaxel combination at doses ranging from 5 to 7 mg/kg/day oblimersen and 60 to 100 mg/m2 docetaxel. The rate of severe fatigue accompanied by severe neutropenia was unacceptably high at doses exceeding 7 mg/kg/day oblimersen and 75 mg/m2 docetaxel. Nausea, vomiting, and fever were common, but rarely severe. Oblimersen mean steady-state concentrations were 3.44 ± 1.31 and 5.32 ± 2.34 at the 5- and 7-mg/kg dose levels, respectively. Prostate-specific antigen responses were observed in 7 of 12 taxane-naïve patients, but in taxane-refractory patients no responses were observed. Preliminary evaluation of Bcl-2 expression in diagnostic tumor specimens was not predictive of response to this therapy. Conclusions: The recommended Phase II doses for oblimersen and docetaxel on this schedule are 7 mg/kg/day continuous i.v. infusion days 1 to 6, and 75 mg/m 2 i.v. day 6, respectively, once every 3 weeks. The absence of severe toxicities at this recommended dose, evidence of Bcl-2 protein inhibition in PBMC and tumor tissue, and encouraging antitumor activity in HPRC patients warrant further clinical evaluation of this combination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5048-5057
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume10
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Tolcher, A. W., Kuhn, J., Schwartz, G., Patnaik, A., Hammond, L. A., Thompson, I., Fingert, H., Bushnell, D., Malik, S., Kreisberg, J., Izbicka, E., Smetzer, L., & Rowinsky, E. K. (2004). A phase I pharmacokinetic and biological correlative study of oblimersen sodium (Genasense, G3139), an antisense oligonucleotide to the Bcl-2 mRNA, and of docetaxel in patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Clinical Cancer Research, 10(15), 5048-5057. https://doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-03-0701