Oligonucleotide primers for 125 simple sequence repeat microsatellite-based genetic markers have been assayed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the CEPH reference family panel. These microsatellites include 101 dinucleotide repeats as well as 24 new tetranucleotide repeats. The average heterozygosity of this marker set was 72.4%. Genetic data were analyzed with the genetic mapping package LINKAGE. A subset of these microsatellite markers define a set of 56 uniquely ordered loci (>1000:1 against local inversion) that span 271 cM. Sixty-seven additional loci were tightly linked to markers on the uniquely ordered map, but could not be ordered with such high precision. These markers were positioned by CMAP into confidence intervals. One hundred thirteen of the microsatellite markers were also tested on a chromosome 3 framework somatic cell hybrid panel that divides this chromosome into 23 cytogenetically defined regions, integrating the genetic and physical maps of this chromosome. The high density, high heterozygosity, and PCR format of this genetically and physically mapped set of markers will accelerate the mapping and positional cloning of new chromosome 3 genes.
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