Objective: Obesity is a growing and important public health problem in Western countries and worldwide. There is ample evidence that both environmental and genetic factors influence the risk of developing obesity. Although a number of genes influencing obesity and obesity-related measures have been localized, it is clear that others remain to be identified. The rate of obesity is particularly high in American Indian populations. This study reports the results of a genome-wide scan for loci influencing BMI and weight in 963 individuals in 58 families from three American Indian populations in Arizona, Oklahoma, and North and South Dakota participating in the Strong Heart Family Study. Research Methods and Procedures: Short tandem repeat markers were genotyped, resulting in a marker map with an average spacing of 10 centimorgans. Standard multipoint variance component linkage methods were used. Results: Significant evidence of linkage was observed in the overall sample, including all three study sites, for a locus on chromosome 4q35 [logarithm of the odds (LOD) = 5.17 for weight, 5.08 for BMI]. Analyses of the three study sites individually showed that the greatest linkage support for the chromosome 4 locus came from Arizona (LOD = 2.6 for BMI), but that LOD scores for weight were >1 in all three samples. Suggestive linkage signals (LOD >2) were also observed on chromosomes 5, 7, 8, and 10. Discussion: The chromosome 4 locus detected in this scan is in a region lacking any obvious positional candidate genes with known functions related to obesity. This locus may represent a novel obesity gene.
- Genome-wide scan
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics