A Novel Missense Mutation in the Transmembrane Domain of Neuregulin 1 is Associated with Schizophrenia

Consuelo Walss-Bass, Wei Liu, Debbie F. Lew, Ramon Villegas, Patricia Montero, Albana Dassori, Robin J. Leach, Laura Almasy, Michael Escamilla, Henriette Raventos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although genetic factors are known to play an important role in schizophrenia, the identification of genes involved in this disorder has remained elusive. The neuregulin 1 gene is among the few candidate genes to have been implicated in schizophrenia susceptibility in several populations. However, no causal mutations within this gene have been identified. Methods: In attempts to identify polymorphisms within the neuregulin 1 gene, we performed DNA sequencing using 12 subjects with a history of psychosis from the Central Valley of Costa Rica. DNA genotyping and association studies were then performed in an extended cohort of 142 affected individuals and their relatives from the same population. Results: We identified a novel missense mutation (Val to Leu) in exon 11, which codes for the transmembrane region of the neuregulin 1 protein. Association analysis by the Family Based Association Test (FBAT) revealed that this mutation is associated with psychosis (p = .0049) and schizophrenia (p = .0191) in this population. Conclusions: We report the finding of a missense mutation in the neuregulin 1 gene associated with schizophrenia. Additional analyses of an independent sample as well as detailed functional studies should be performed to determine the relevance of this novel polymorphism to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)548-553
Number of pages6
JournalBiological Psychiatry
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2006

Keywords

  • Central Valley of Costa Rica
  • Neuregulin
  • polymorphism
  • psychosis
  • schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry

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