A novel missense mutation in ADRB3 increases risk for type 2 diabetes in a Mexican American family

Donna M. Lehman, Jeanette Hamlington, Kelly J. Hunt, Robin J. Leach, Rector Arya, Hanna Abboud, Ravindranath Duggirala, John Blangero, Harald H.H. Göring, Michael P. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The human β3-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRB3) has been investigated as a candidate gene for diabetes-related traits in many studies. However, the results have been inconsistent so it is unclear whether variation in ADRB3 is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. We have identified a novel missense mutation of ADRB3 in a single large pedigree of the San Antonio Family Diabetes/Gallbladder Study (SAFDGS) that is located in the first transmembrane domain at amino acid 62 (Ile62Met). The aim of this study was to investigate the association of this mutation in the SAFDGS with risk for diabetes. Methods: Variance components-based statistical methods were used to determine association of this mutation with diabetes traits in the SAFDGS. The ADRB3 gene was also resequenced to identify all variants present in this pedigree. Results: Significant association was observed for the Ile62Met mutation and type 2 diabetes (p = 0.01, relative risk 2.3), an earlier age of onset (p = 0.01) and 2-h glucose measures (p = 0.006) in the single pedigree. Average age and body mass index do not differ between the two genotypic groups. In a recent genome-wide linkage analysis of SAFDGS, we observed suggestive linkage of diabetes to this region at marker D8S1477 (2pt LOD of 2.55). The variance attributed to Ile62Met accounted for nearly all of the family-specific LOD score. Conclusions: These results suggest that this variant in ADRB3 is influencing diabetes risk in this Mexican American family and supports a role for alterations of the β3-adrenergic receptor in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalDiabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006

Keywords

  • ADRB3 gene
  • Hispanic
  • Trp64Arg polymorphism
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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