We previously identified a novel synthesized metal compound, LMnAc ([L2Mn2(Ac)(H2O)2](Ac) (L=bis(2-pyridylmethyl) amino-2-propionic acid)). This compound exhibited significant inhibition on cancer cell proliferation and was more selective against cancer cells than was the popular chemotherapeutic reagent cisplatin. In this study, we further investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms of LMnAc-induced cancer cell death. We found that LMnAc achieved its selectivity against cancer cells through the transferrin-transferrin receptor system, which is highly expressed in tumor cells. LMnAc triggered cancer cells to commit autophagy and apoptosis, which was mediated by the mitochondrial pathway. Moreover, LMnAc disrupted mitochondrial function, resulting in mitochondrial membrane potential collapse and ATP reduction. In addition, LMnAc induced intracellular Ca2+ overload and reactive oxygen species generation. Interestingly, its anticancer effect was significantly reduced following pretreatment with the antioxidant N-acetyl cysteine, indicating that reactive oxygen species triggered cell death. Altogether, our data suggest that LMnAc appears to be a selectively promising anticancer drug candidate.
- Mn(II) complex
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Environmental Science(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)