A novel aminopeptidase in the fat body of the moth Achaea janata as a receptor for Bacillus thuringiensis Cry toxins and its comparison with midgut aminopeptidase

Madhusudhan Budatha, Gargi Meur, Aparna Dutta-Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal crystal proteins bind to cell-surface receptors which represent a family of aminopeptidases [APN (aminopeptidase N)] present on the brush border membrane of insect midgut cells of susceptible insects leading to pore formation and death of the insect. We report here for the first time the presence of a novel APN in the fat body of the moth Achaea janata. Northern blotting detected at least one APN-specific transcript in the fat body, whereas two transcripts of different sizes were detected in the midgut. We have cloned two full-length APN cDNAs of 3015 bp and 2850 bp from fat body and midgut respectively, which encode proteins of 1004 and 950 amino acids. These two APNs share only 33% amino acid sequence identity, but both display the typical APN features, such as the N-terminal signal peptide, several putative glycosylation sites, C-terminal glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor signal, the APN-specific zinc-binding/gluzincin motif HEXXHX18E and gluzincin motif GAMENWG. The fat body APN manifested a variation in its expression with respect to tissue and developmental stage. In spite of the abundance of the APN transcript in the fat body, fairly low APN activity was detected in this tissue. The fat-body-and midgut-specific APNs showed differential interaction with various Cry1A toxins. Besides, the level of toxicity of different Cry subtypes varied enormously with mode/site of delivery, such as intrahaemocoelic injections and feeding bioassays. These data indicate that the fat body might be a potential alternative Cry toxin target site in the moth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-297
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume405
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aminopeptidase N (APN)
  • Cry receptor
  • Fat body
  • Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor
  • Haemolymph

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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