A nosocomial outbreak of ampicillin-resistant haemophilus influenzae type b in a geriatric unit

Jan Evans Patterson, Gayle M. Madden, Edward P. Krisiunas, Barbara Masecar, Walter J. Hierholzer, Marcus J. Zervos, Robert W. Lyons, Robert W. Lyons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

A nosocomial outbreak of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bronchitis occurred in a geriatric unit. The three infected patients were grouped together in an isolation unit and treated. A prevalence survey was done by obtaining pharyngeal cultures from patients and staff in the unit. One patient and a nurse were asymptomatic pharyngeal carriers of Hib. One infected patient was bedridden, and his only known Hib contact was the nurse. Geographic clustering was the only significant risk factor, as determined by a case-control study. Carriers were treated with rifampin. The isolates were characterized for strain relatedness by using three methods. All produced β-lactamase and all were serotype b. Plasmid profiles and restriction endonuclease analysis of bacterial DNA were performed; chromosomes were digested with the restriction endonucleases HindIIIand HaeIII Strains were confirmed as identical by using these methods and were different from two Hib control strains producing β-lactamase. This study documents nosocomial transmission of Hib, by using molecular typing methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1002-1007
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume157
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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