A multicenter phase 1/2 study investigating the safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and efficacy of a small molecule antimetabolite, RX-3117, plus nab-paclitaxel in pancreatic adenocarcinoma

Hani Babiker, Peter J. Schlegel, Lee G. Hicks, Andrea J. Bullock, Nafisa Burhani, Daruka Mahadevan, Emad Elquza, Mitesh J. Borad, Ely Benaim, Christine Peterson, Callie Heaton, Allyson J. Ocean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background RX-3117 is an oral small molecule antimetabolite, cyclopentyl pyrimidyl nucleoside that is activated by cancer cells over-expressing uridine cytidine kinase 2 (UCK2). Single agent RX-3117 demonstrated efficacy in a phase I trial in patients with metastatic (met) pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PC). RX-3117 plus nab-paclitaxel (nab-Pac) was evaluated as a first line treatment in met-PC cancer. Methods This was a multicenter open label phase I/II 2-stage study investigating the combination of RX3117 plus nab-Pac in the frontline treatment of patients with met-PC. The phase I portion comprised a dose de-escalation design with primary objectives of determining the safety, tolerability and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of RX-3117 (orally 700, 600, or 500 mg/day for 5 consecutive days with 2 days off/week) plus nab-Pac (intravenous (IV) 125 mg/m2 once weekly) for 3 weeks with 1 week off per a 4-week cycle. The primary objective was to determine the antitumor efficacy. Results 46 patients were enrolled (22 male/24 female; median age 67; 91% Caucasian). The RP2D of RX-3117 plus nab-Pac was 700 mg/day. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed (DLTs). The overall response rate (ORR) was 23.1% and disease control rate (DCR) 74.4%. RX-3117 pharmacokinetics (PK) results were similar to previously reported monotherapy phase 1 trial. All patients experienced a treatment emergent adverse event (TEAE) with the most common diarrhea, nausea, and fatigue.10.9% of patients experienced a serious adverse event (SAE) related to the combination. Conclusion RX-3117 plus nab-Pac in newly diagnosed met-PC patients demonstrated tolerability, safety, and early treatment efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInvestigational New Drugs
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antimetabolite
  • Gemcitabine
  • Neucloside
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • RX-3117

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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