A monoclonal lewis rat myocyte line that responds to interferon-γ responsiveness with the potential to influence subsequent interactions with the immune system

Timothy Stegall, Keith A Krolick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to begin asking questions about immunopathology associated with the model of the neuromuscular disease experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis, a monoclonal myocyte line, LE1, has been prepared from the Lewis rat. The LE1 myocyte clone was selected from among several clones produced based on its ease of maintenance in culture and for the stability of its phenotype, which is very similar to that reported for in vivo muscle and other cultured myocyte lines. Thus, LE1 cells were observed to produce, constitutively, the myocyte-associated neural cell adhesion molecule (CD56), the intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), and the acetylcholine receptor. LE1 cells were also observed to constitutively secrete relatively low levels of IL-6 and TGF-β. Moreover, the LE1 cell line may be of use for predicting muscle responses to various immune mediators. For example, the inflammatory cytokine interferon-γ (IFN-γ) has been recently reported by others to play a role in experimental myasthenia gravis. Thus, it was of interest that LE1 cells could be activated by IFN-γ to express increased levels of immunopathologically relevant membrane molecules such as ICAM-1 and Class II major histocompatibility molecules (i.e., RT-1B). (C) Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-132
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Immunology
Volume94
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2000

Fingerprint

Muscle Cells
Interferons
Immune System
Autoimmune Experimental Myasthenia Gravis
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Clone Cells
Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules
Muscles
Neuromuscular Diseases
Histocompatibility
Cholinergic Receptors
Interleukin-6
Maintenance
Cytokines
Phenotype
Cell Line
Membranes

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Muscle
  • Myocyte cell line

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

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title = "A monoclonal lewis rat myocyte line that responds to interferon-γ responsiveness with the potential to influence subsequent interactions with the immune system",
abstract = "In order to begin asking questions about immunopathology associated with the model of the neuromuscular disease experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis, a monoclonal myocyte line, LE1, has been prepared from the Lewis rat. The LE1 myocyte clone was selected from among several clones produced based on its ease of maintenance in culture and for the stability of its phenotype, which is very similar to that reported for in vivo muscle and other cultured myocyte lines. Thus, LE1 cells were observed to produce, constitutively, the myocyte-associated neural cell adhesion molecule (CD56), the intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), and the acetylcholine receptor. LE1 cells were also observed to constitutively secrete relatively low levels of IL-6 and TGF-β. Moreover, the LE1 cell line may be of use for predicting muscle responses to various immune mediators. For example, the inflammatory cytokine interferon-γ (IFN-γ) has been recently reported by others to play a role in experimental myasthenia gravis. Thus, it was of interest that LE1 cells could be activated by IFN-γ to express increased levels of immunopathologically relevant membrane molecules such as ICAM-1 and Class II major histocompatibility molecules (i.e., RT-1B). (C) Academic Press.",
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AB - In order to begin asking questions about immunopathology associated with the model of the neuromuscular disease experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis, a monoclonal myocyte line, LE1, has been prepared from the Lewis rat. The LE1 myocyte clone was selected from among several clones produced based on its ease of maintenance in culture and for the stability of its phenotype, which is very similar to that reported for in vivo muscle and other cultured myocyte lines. Thus, LE1 cells were observed to produce, constitutively, the myocyte-associated neural cell adhesion molecule (CD56), the intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), and the acetylcholine receptor. LE1 cells were also observed to constitutively secrete relatively low levels of IL-6 and TGF-β. Moreover, the LE1 cell line may be of use for predicting muscle responses to various immune mediators. For example, the inflammatory cytokine interferon-γ (IFN-γ) has been recently reported by others to play a role in experimental myasthenia gravis. Thus, it was of interest that LE1 cells could be activated by IFN-γ to express increased levels of immunopathologically relevant membrane molecules such as ICAM-1 and Class II major histocompatibility molecules (i.e., RT-1B). (C) Academic Press.

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