A modified Delphi approach to determine current treatment advances for the development of a resuscitation program for maternal cardiac arrest

Andrea D. Shields, Jacqueline D. Battistelli, Laurie B. Kavanagh, Brook A. Thomson, Peter E. Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Maternal cardiac arrest is a rare and complex process requiring pregnancy-specific responses and techniques. The goals of this study were to (1) identify, evaluate, and determine the most current best practices to treat this patient population and (2) establish a standardized set of guidelines to serve as a foundation for a future educational simulation-based curriculum. Study design: We used a three-step modified Delphi process to achieve consensus. Twenty-two healthcare experts from across North America agreed to participate in the expert panel. In round 1, 12 pregnancy-specific best practice statements were distributed to the expert panel. Panelists anonymously ranked these using a 7-point Likert scale and provided feedback. Round 2 consisted of a face-to-face consensus meeting where statements that had not already achieved consensus were discussed and then subsequently voted upon by the panelists. Results: Through two rounds, we achieved consensus on nine evidence-based pregnancy-specific techniques to optimize response to maternal cardiac arrest. Round one resulted in one of the 12 best practice statements achieving consensus. Round two resulted in six of the remaining 12 gaining consensus. Best practice techniques involved use of point-of care ultrasound, resuscitative cesarean delivery, cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques, and the use of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Conclusion: The results of this study provide the foundation to develop an optimal, long-term strategy to treat cardiac arrest in pregnancy. We propose these nine priorities for standard practice, curricula, and guidelines to treat maternal cardiac arrest and hope they serve as a foundation for a future educational curriculum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number149
JournalBMC Emergency Medicine
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation pregnancy modifications
  • Maternal cardiac arrest
  • Resuscitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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