Purpose: To establish a reproducible laboratory test to evaluate prospective vascular biomaterials with respect to their thromboinflammatory properties by examining fibrinogen, platelet, and monocyte binding. Endothelial migration onto these surfaces was used as an index of vascular healing. Methods: To evaluate biomaterials for potential thrombogenicity and inflammation, binding assays of radiolabeled human fibrinogen, platelets, and monocytes were performed on standard pieces of vascular biomaterials, including metals and polymeric and ceramic-coated materials. Using an established in vitro endothelial cell migration model, the relative migration rate of cultured human aortic endothelial cells onto these vascular biomaterials was measured and compared. The fibrinogen, platelet, and monocyte binding results were combined along with the migration results to create an overall score of biocompatibility. Results: A significant direct relation of platelet and monocyte binding to the amount of adsorbed fibrinogen was observed. In contrast, migration rates of cultured human aortic endothelial cells onto the same biomaterial surfaces were found to be inversely related the amount of bound fibrinogen. Among the materials tested, stainless steel received the highest score of biocompatibility, while turbostratic carbon scored the lowest. Conclusions: Fibrinogen, platelet, and monocyte binding levels, as well as endothelial migration rates onto vascular material surfaces, provide a basis for evaluating thrombogenicity, inflammatory potential, and endothelialization in the laboratory prior to in vivo testing.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine