Although several genetic forms of rare or syndromic hypertriglyceridemia have been reported, little is known about the specific chromosomal regions across the genome harboring susceptibility genes for common forms of hypertriglyceridemia. Therefore, we conducted a genomewide scan for susceptibility genes influencing plasma triglyceride (TG) levels in a Mexican American population. We used both phenotypic and genotypic data from 418 individuals distributed across 27 low-income, extended Mexican American families. For the analyses, TG values were log transformed (ln TG). We used a variance-components technique to conduct multipoint linkage analyses for localizing susceptibility genes that determine variation in TG levels. We used an ~10-15-cM map, which was made on the basis of information from 295 microsatellite markers. After accounting for the effects of sex and sex- specific age terms, we found significant evidence for linkage (LOD = 3.88) of ln TG levels to a genetic location between the markers GABRB3 and D15S165 on chromosome 15q. This putative locus explains 39.7 ± 7% (P = .000012) of total phenotypic variation in ln TG levels. Suggestive evidence was found for linkage of ln TG levels to two different locations on chromosome 7, which are ~85 cM apart from each other. Also, there is some evidence for linkage of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations to a genetic location near one of the regions on chromosome 7. In conclusion, we found strong evidence for linkage of ln TG levels to a genetic location on chromosome 15q in a Mexican American population, which is prone to disease conditions such as type 2 diabetes and the insulin-resistance syndrome that are associated with hypertriglyceridemia. This putative locus appears to have a major influence on ln TG variation.
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