On the basis of experience with over 350 percutaneous stone extractions, a logical approach assuring a high success rate and minimizing complications is described. The importance of the position of the kidney in the body, the caliceal anatomy, the renal arterial anatomy, and the instrumentation used on puncture site selection are discussed. Strategies for removal of caliceal, pelvic, ureteral, and staghorn calculi, rationale, and treatment of complications are also described.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging