Several variables were studied in relation to the covalent binding of radioactive polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) tumor initiators to nucleic acids by epidermal aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase in vitro. Initially, the binding of 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) to DNA was linear, although a leveling off was observed with increased concentrations of substrate, enzyme, DNA, and reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH). Covalent binding of MC and benzo(a)pyrene (BP) to DNA in vitro by an NADPH-dependent epidermal homogenate was linear for 90 min, after which it leveled off. A second addition of NADPH resulted in a linear increase in DNA binding lasting approximately 90 min more. At 12 hr after induction at various times with the corresponding unlabeled PAH, the specific activities of MC, BP, 7, 12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene, dibenz(a, h)anthracene, and dibenz(a, c)anthracene binding to DNA by epidermal homogenates in vitro all peaked. A correlation exists between the tumor-initiating ability of several PAHs and their ability to bind covalently to DNA in vitro with the use of mouse epidermal homogenates and NADPH as an electrophile-generating system [7, 12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene > MC > BP > dibenz(a, h) anthracene > dibenz(a, c)anthracene]. With the exception of DMBA, each of these PAHs possesses a strong need for NADPH. The specific activity of BP binding to various nucleic acids was: Polyguanylic acid > polyadenylic acid > yeast RNA > DNA.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Sep 1977|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research