A double holliday junction dissolvasome comprising BLM, topoisomerase IIIα, and BLAP75

Steven Raynard, Wendy Bussen, Patrick Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

193 Scopus citations


Bloom syndrome (BS), an autosomal recessive disorder, is marked by a high incidence of cancer early in life. Cells derived from BS patients are unstable genetically and exhibit frequent sister chromatid exchanges, reflective of homologous recombination (HR) deregulation. BLM, the RecQ-like helicase mutated in BS, is found in several cellular protein complexes, all of which contain topoisomerase IIIα (Topo IIIα) and a novel protein BLAP75. Here, using highly purified human proteins, we show that BLAP75 associates independently with both Topo IIIα and BLM. Even though BLM and Topo IIIα can dissolve the double Holliday junction (DHJ) to yield non-crossover recombinants (1), under physiological conditions, DHJ dissolution becomes completely dependent on BLAP75. The effect of BLAP75 on BLM-Topo IIIα is highly specific, as it is not seen with the combination of Topo IIIα and Escherichia coli RecQ helicase or another human RecQ-like helicase WRN. Thus, BLM, Topo IIIα, and BLAP75 constitute a dissolvasome complex that processes HR intermediates to limit DNA crossover formation. This function of the BLM-Topo IIIα-BLAP75 dissolvasome is likely indispensable for genome maintenance and cancer avoidance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13861-13864
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number20
StatePublished - May 19 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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