A comparison of animal jaws and bite mark patterns

Denise C. Murmann, Paula C. Brumit, Bruce A. Schrader, David R Senn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the jaw shapes and bite mark patterns of wild and domestic animals to assist investigators in their analysis of animal bite marks. The analyses were made on 12 species in the Order Carnivora housed in the Mammalian Collection at the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago, Illinois. In addition to metric analysis, one skull from each species was photographed as a representative sample with an ABFO No. 2 scale in place. Bite patterns of the maxillary and mandibular dentition were documented using foamed polystyrene exemplars, which were also photographed. A total of 486 specimens were examined to analyze the jaw and bite mark patterns. A modified technique for measuring intercanine distances was developed to more accurately reflect the characteristics seen in animal bite marks. In it, three separate areas were measured on the canines, rather than just the cusp tip. This was to maximize the amount of information acquired from each skull, specifically to accommodate variances in the depth of bite injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)846-860
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006

Fingerprint

Bites and Stings
Jaw
animal
Skull
museum
Carnivora
Museums
Wild Animals
Dentition
Polystyrenes
Domestic Animals
history
Natural History
Canidae
Research Personnel
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Animal bites
  • Bite marks
  • Forensic odontology
  • Forensic science
  • Intercanine width

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Law

Cite this

Murmann, D. C., Brumit, P. C., Schrader, B. A., & Senn, D. R. (2006). A comparison of animal jaws and bite mark patterns. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 51(4), 846-860. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00166.x

A comparison of animal jaws and bite mark patterns. / Murmann, Denise C.; Brumit, Paula C.; Schrader, Bruce A.; Senn, David R.

In: Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 51, No. 4, 07.2006, p. 846-860.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Murmann, DC, Brumit, PC, Schrader, BA & Senn, DR 2006, 'A comparison of animal jaws and bite mark patterns', Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 846-860. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00166.x
Murmann, Denise C. ; Brumit, Paula C. ; Schrader, Bruce A. ; Senn, David R. / A comparison of animal jaws and bite mark patterns. In: Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2006 ; Vol. 51, No. 4. pp. 846-860.
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