A comparative study of skeletal and dental stability between rigid and wire fixation for mandibular advancement

Stephen D. Keeling, Calogero Dolce, Joseph E. Van Sickels, Robert A. Bays, Gary M. Clark, John D. Rugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the skeletal and dental stability after mandibular advancement surgery with rigid or wire fixation for up to 2 years after the surgery. Subjects for this multisite, prospective, randomized, clinical trial were assigned to receive rigid (n = 64) or wire (n = 63) fixation. The rigid cases received three 2-mm bicortical position screws bilaterally and elastics; the wire fixation subjects received inferior border wires and 6 weeks of skeletal maxillomandibular fixation with 24-gauge wires. Cephalometric films were obtained before surgery, and at 1 week, 8 weeks, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery. Skeletal and dental changes were analyzed using the Johnston's analysis. Before surgery both groups were balanced with respect to linear and angular measurements of craniofacial morphology. Mean anterior advancement of the mandibular symphasis was 5.5 mm (SD, 3.2) in the rigid group and 5.6 mm (SD, 3.0) in the wire group. Two years after surgery, mandibular symphasis was unchanged in the rigid group, whereas the wire group had 26% of sagittal relapse. Dental compensation occurred to maintain the corrected occlusion, with the mandibular incisor moving forward in the wire group and posteriorly in the rigid group. However, at 2 years after surgery, when most subjects were without braces, the overjet and molar discrepancy had relapsed similarly in both groups.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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