This study examined the skeletal and dental stability after mandibular advancement surgery with rigid or wire fixation for up to 2 years after the surgery. Subjects for this multisite, prospective, randomized, clinical trial were assigned to receive rigid (n = 64) or wire (n = 63) fixation. The rigid cases received three 2-mm bicortical position screws bilaterally and elastics; the wire fixation subjects received inferior border wires and 6 weeks of skeletal maxillomandibular fixation with 24-gauge wires. Cephalometric films were obtained before surgery, and at 1 week, 8 weeks, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery. Skeletal and dental changes were analyzed using the Johnston's analysis. Before surgery both groups were balanced with respect to linear and angular measurements of craniofacial morphology. Mean anterior advancement of the mandibular symphasis was 5.5 mm (SD, 3.2) in the rigid group and 5.6 mm (SD, 3.0) in the wire group. Two years after surgery, mandibular symphasis was unchanged in the rigid group, whereas the wire group had 26% of sagittal relapse. Dental compensation occurred to maintain the corrected occlusion, with the mandibular incisor moving forward in the wire group and posteriorly in the rigid group. However, at 2 years after surgery, when most subjects were without braces, the overjet and molar discrepancy had relapsed similarly in both groups.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics|
|State||Published - Jun 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas